For decades a lot of what the world throws away in their landfills has clogged up valleys and filled giant holes in the ground even though a lot of it was resource dense materials. By resource dense, it’s meant that the stuff people throw away isn’t just dirt, it’s full of hydrocarbons, metals, glass, and other valuable materials, it just wasn’t recoverable in a profitable way. Now, however, there have been a few breakthroughs in the science of pyrolysis plants in Malaysia that can recover basic ingredients out of almost anything, including oil sludge.
How Does A Oil Sludge Pyrolysis Plant Work?
The basic premise of pyrolysis is that it bakes waste materials at a very high temperature in the absence of oxygen. Of course, many things will catch fire and burn at high temperatures and release toxic chemicals in the process. However, if the oxygen is withheld in the chemical reaction, nothing can burn, and the materials being recycled will decompose into raw ingredients. Some of those raw ingredients tend to be oils, gases, and carbon black and they are all recoverable and valuable on the open market.
When it comes to oil sludge pyrolysis equipment the value of the oil is obvious, it just needs to be separated out and refined from the contaminants that it’s mixed with. The pyrolysis plant is a perfect solution to the problem. Lots of drilling, oil exploration, and oil refining operations produce oil sludge. It has oil, water, sand, dirt, and other impurities in it. Unfortunately, it’s a toxic nightmare to get rid of and tends to pollute the environment where ever it’s stored or thrown away.
The fully automatic oil sludge pyrolysis plant will usually have a conveyor belt where the sludge can be dumped from a truck. The sludge works its way up the belt and into the reaction chamber where it is heated to about 425 C. It won’t burn, since the reaction chamber is closed and no air, with oxygen, can enter. The oil evaporates in stages with the gaseous content first, then the light oils, then the heaver oils. The plant will have various condensers that will re-liquefy the oils based on their viscosity. The gases will also be contained and can be used by the pyrolysis plant itself as a heating agent so that outside energy isn’t needed to maintain the high temperature, making it self perpetuating after startup.
Most oil sludge Shanghai Kingtiger pyrolysis equipment comes in various sizes to accommodate operations with different amounts of waste sludge. There are also varying degrees of automation depending on how expensive the plant will be and how much it’s going to be used. In some cases, the operation is merely to get rid of a toxic waste that’s otherwise difficult to do. In other cases, the object is to earn money from the oils and gases that are created which can then be sold as heating oil, lubricants, and other high quality oils on the commodity market.